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Just the Facts: Pedestrian Safety

Spotlight on Pedestrian Safety

Federal Highway Administration, 2012.

For the past 7.5 years, the Federal Highway Administration has been trying to aggressively reduce pedestrian deaths by focusing extra resources on the States and cities with the highest numbers or rates of pedestrian fatalities.


Pedestrian Safety: Report to Congress

Federal Highway Administration, 2008.

Advanced technologies offer the potential to significantly improve pedestrian safety.


Local Policies and Practices That Support Safe Pedestrian Environments

National Cooperative Highway Research Program, 2012

The objective of this study is to document various tools and strategies used by municipalities to improve the safety, convenience, and accessibility of the pedestrian experience.


National Walking Survey Results

America Walks, 2011

A considerable bloc of infrequent walkers say that neighborhood-related factors are the main reasons why they don’t walk more. They cite factors such as not enough sidewalks, speeding motor vehicles, not many desirable points of destination to walk to, and crime as being primary deterrents for not walking more.

 

America Walks, 2012

Pedestrians account for 11.3% of all traffic fatalities nationwide and 25% of all traffic fatalities in major U.S. cities. Improving safety at signalized intersections is critical to reducing the number of pedestrian traffic fatalities.

 

Effects of Pedestrian Perceptions of Safety: An Examination of Pedestrian Crossing Behavior in Marked versus Unmarked Crosswalks

University of California at San Diego, 2012

Marking crosswalks increased pedestrian confidence that motorists would yield, thereby reducing the need for pedestrians to assert themselves unsafely. Unmarked crosswalks inspired incautious behavior in pedestrians, perhaps stemming from a decreased likelihood that motorists would yield the right of way.

 

The Impact of Traffic Lights on Dangerous Pedestrian Crossings and Violations: a Case Study in Montreal

Brousseau et al., 2011

These results show the importance of properly timing pedestrian signals. To reduce violations and dangerous crossing situations, the clearing time should be as close as possible to the required time of crossing.


The Relative Effectiveness of Pedestrian Safety Countermeasures at Urban Intersections: Lessons from a New York City Experience

Chen et al., 2012

Signal-related countermeasures are more effective in reducing crashes than high visibility crosswalks.


Evaluating the Effectiveness of Infrastructure-based Countermeasures on Pedestrian Safety

Pulugurtha et al., 2012

Results show that high-visibility crosswalk and median refuge help improve pedestrian as well as driver behavior, while Danish offset was observed to increase diverted pedestrians and reduce pedestrians trapped in the middle of the street. 


Investigating the Willingness of Drivers to Share Space with Pedestrians

Centre for Transport Studies, Imperial College London, 2011

The results suggest that the presence of many pedestrians, and in particular children and elderly, makes drivers feel uneasy and hence unwilling to share the street space. Good lighting, on the other hand, can increase their willingness to share. A further conclusion is that male drivers and those with previous experience with shared space are more willing to share when compared to their counterparts.


Older Pedestrians at Risk

Tri-State Transportation Campaign, 2012.

Older pedestrians are more likely to be killed while walking than their younger neighbors, especially in the tri-state area where average fatality rates for older pedestrians are higher than the nationwide average.


Still at Risk: Pedestrian Safety in New Jersey

Tri-State Transportation Campaign, 2005.

Relative to other states, New Jersey continues to be among the most dangerous for walkers.  In 2004, pedestrians made up more than 1 in 5 of New Jersey’s total traffic fatalities, a rate  third highest behind New York and Hawaii.


Impact Speed and a Pedestrian’s Risk of Severe Injury or Death

AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, 2011

Results show that the average risk of severe injury for a pedestrian struck by a vehicle reaches 10% at an impact speed of 16 mph, 25% at 23 mph, 50% at 31 mph, 75% at 39 mph, and 90% at 46 mph.


 Bicycle & Pedestrian Advocates